PRISTINA, Kosovo – Hundreds of Serbs stormed a United Nations courthouse in northern Kosovo on Friday, took control of the site and hoisted a Serbian flag to replace the U.N.’s.
By nightfall, the flag had come down but about 100 Kosovo Serbs remained in the yard of the building in the Serb-dominated city of Kosovska Mitrovica. More were locked inside the courthouse, refusing to leave without a deal with U.N. authorities, a spokesman for Kosovo’s police said. Their demands were not immediately clear.
A spokesman for Kosovo’s police in Kosovska Mitrovica said the regional U.N. representative was negotiating with Serb leaders to deal with the situation. But talks later broke off for the night, authorities said.
U.N. special police units were on standby to take control of the court and remove protesters.
The Serbs broke through two entrance gates and pushed aside U.N. riot police guarding the building, a police spokesman said. The dozens of U.N. police did not intervene.
The top U.N. official in Kosovo pledged to defend his mandate as head of United Nations mission known as UNMIK.
“Those who turned to violence in North Mitrovica have crossed one of UNMIK’s red lines. This is completely unacceptable,” Joachim Ruecker said in a statement.
“I have instructed UNMIK police to restore law and order in the North and to ensure that the Court House is again under U.N. control.”
He said the attackers would be prosecuted, and called upon Serbian authorities to prevent any further such incidents.
NATO’s Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, meanwhile, arrived for his first visit to Kosovo since it declared independence last month. He met with Prime Minister Hashim Thaci and President Fatmir Sejdiu at NATO’s Kosovo headquarters in the capital, Pristina.
He was also supposed to meet Serb leaders in Mitrovica but — in an apparent snub of the NATO official — Scheffer said Serb leaders “did not find the opportunity to talk” to him.
Scheffer said the courthouse seizure was a police matter, not a NATO matter, but he condemned it as an attack against the international community.
“This is an act against the U.N. so it’s an act against the world community,” Scheffer said shortly before leaving Kosovo.
The storming of the U.N. courthouse appeared to have been coordinated with the Serbian government in Belgrade, which has rejected Kosovo’s declared statehood and said it will assume authority in northern Kosovo.
Belgrade has adopted the so-called “Action Plan” on Kosovo, which took effect after Kosovo declared independence. Although concrete measures proposed in the plan remain secret, some of them were leaked by the local media, and they include the takeover of judiciary in the Serb-controlled regions of Kosovo.
The EU called on Serbia to refrain from any actions that may jeopardize security in Kosovo.
“No one benefits from the use of violence and from the attacks on the rule of law institutions in Kosovo,” according to a statement by Slovenia, which holds the rotating EU presidency.
Serbs have held daily protests in front of the court since Kosovo declared independence from Serbia last month.
The protesters have been trying to take control of local institutions that have been run by the U.N. since the end of the war in Kosovo in 1999. The crowds have prevented international and ethnic Albanian judges from returning to work at the court.
“We tried to negotiate, but no one wanted to talk to us,” said Miodrag Ralic, one of the Serb protest leaders. “We could not wait any longer.”
“We have nothing against international judges,” said Nebojsa Jovic, another protest leader. “We want to cooperate with all non-Albanians and all those who do not recognize independent Kosovo.”
During earlier protests outside the court, U.N. and local staff were forced to evacuate after Serb rioters targeted the building with several small hand grenade explosions.
The Kosovo Serbs have already tried to take control of a stretch of rail line in northern Kosovo in defiance of Kosovo’s government. Hundreds of Serb policemen have handed over their badges and weapons rather than submit to Kosovo authorities.
Predominantly ethnic Albanian Kosovo has been under U.N. control since 1999, when NATO launched an air war to stop Solobodan Milosevic’s crackdown on ethnic Albanian separatists.
Serbia, which considers the territory its historic and religious heartland, says Kosovo’s declaration of independence as illegal under international law.