WASHINGTON – An air sampling taken after North Korea’s claimed nuclear test detected radioactive debris consistent with an atomic explosion, Bush administration and congressional officials said Friday night. They said no final determination had been made about the nature of last weekend’s mystery-shrouded blast.
One U.S. government official said intelligence officials assigned an 80 percent probability that the North Korean explosion was a nuclear detonation, based on the air sample collected Wednesday. The official said it appeared highly unlikely that the sample of radioactive material was produced by any other source, including a nuclear power reactor.
The official also said additional sampling might be conducted, not necessarily by airborne means. He would not elaborate, citing security concerns.
A senior administration official suggested that the North Korean test was a dud. “The betting is that this was an attempt at a nuclear test that failed,” the official said. “We don’t think they were trying to fake a nuclear test, but it may have been a nuclear fizzle.”
The officials who described the results spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the information.
North Korea’s claim of a successful nuclear test Monday sent shock waves throughout Asia and around the world.
President Bush has called for stiff
United Nations sanctions on North Korea, while refusing appeals by U.N. Secretary-General
Kofi Annan and others to take part in one-one-one talks with the reclusive communist regime.
Since North Korea’s announcement, the United States and other nations have been conducting scientific tests to determine whether a nuclear explosion had occurred.
The administration briefed key members of Congress about the preliminary test results of an air sample an official said was collected above Qunggye, near the area of the claimed nuclear test.
Results from another test disclosed Friday — an initial air sampling on Tuesday — showed no evidence of radioactive particles that would be expected from a successful nuclear detonation, a U.S. government intelligence official said.
The contradictory readings reinforced uncertainty about the size and success of Monday’s underground explosion, which North Korea has trumpeted as a nuclear test. Data from seismic sensors have already indicated the explosion was smaller than expected.
The Chinese and Japanese governments have done their own air sampling and found no trace of radioactive material, officials from both countries said Friday. A Japanese government official said his country sampled air over the Sea of Japan, as well as rainfall and ground-level air on Japanese territory and found nothing.
A spokesman for National Intelligence Director John Negroponte declined to comment on any findings from U.S. spy agencies.
One Republican lawmaker, citing the release of “intelligence reports appearing to confirm the likelihood of a North Korean nuclear test,” backed Bush’s call for a return to international talks. But the lawmaker, Rep. Heather Wilson (news, bio, voting record), R-N.M., also parted company with the president, saying that if a “prominent American delegation — preferably a bipartisan one — get North Korea to walk back from the ledge, we should do so.”
The State Department, meanwhile, announced that Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice will travel to China,
South Korea and Japan next week to discuss steps to pressure North Korea to drop its nuclear efforts and to assess the region’s security situation.
Members of the
U.N. Security Council agreed Friday on wording of a resolution that would clamp sanctions on the communist country. The draft, scheduled for a Saturday vote, would authorize nonmilitary sanctions against the North, and says that any further action the council might want to take would require another U.N. resolution.
It also eliminates a blanket arms embargo from a tougher, previous draft, instead targeting specific equipment for sanctions including missiles, tanks, warships and combat aircraft.
State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said that on Rice’s trip, “she’s going to be talking about the passage of that resolution certainly, but really what comes after.”
Rice’s trip is meant to present a unified front to North Korea, which will be looking for any cracks in the diplomatic coalition behind the U.N. statement. Coming less than a month before midterm congressional elections, Rice’s trip is also an opportunity for the Bush administration to highlight its work countering dangerous regimes and terror threats.
Beyond the threat to Asian neighbors and perhaps other nations posed by a nuclear North Korea, the administration is worried that Pyongyang could sell its nuclear know-how to terrorists or other potential U.S. enemies, including
“Now is the time really to be very firm — to be calm, but firm — and to make clear to the North Koreans that no one is going to accept them as a nuclear weapons state,” Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Hill said Friday at the National Press Club.
Analysts and government officials have said it may take weeks or longer to determine with confidence whether the North Korean explosion was nuclear.
The negative air sample was taken Tuesday by a specialized aircraft, the WC-135, flying from Kadena air base in Okinawa, Japan. It apparently took the sample over the Sea of Japan, between the Korean mainland and Japan.
In Beijing, a government official said Friday that Chinese monitoring also has found no evidence of airborne radiation from the test-explosion. The official with the State Environmental Protection Administration said China has been monitoring air samples since Monday.
The U.S., which has sought tough steps in the United Nations that could leave the door open to a blockade or other military action, has had to give ground to gain support from China and Russia. Those countries, along with South Korea, have been reluctant to abandon diplomatic efforts to resolve the standoff.